Fermentation Definition In the absence of oxygen or electron transport chains, fermentation refers to the conversion of organic molecules (normally glucose) into acids, gases, or alcohol. Adenosine triphosphate (ATP) is generated in glycolysis via fermentation pathways that regenerate the coenzyme nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD+).  Through glycolysis, fermentation yields only two molecules of ATP per glucose … Read more

Nucleic Acid Elements and Monomer

Nucleic Acid

Nucleic acids are biocompounds, which are essential for living organisms. Found in two forms—deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) and ribonucleic acid (RNA)—these polymer chains are composed of the same basic elements and similar monomer nucleotides, yet with specific differences relating to form and function. Nucleic Acid Elements Each nucleotide monomer, and therefore each nucleic acid polymer, is … Read more

Difference between Convergent and Divergent Evolution

Convergent and Divergent Evolution

In the eons of evolutionary time, organisms have differentiated themselves in recognizable ways. Divergent evolution and convergent evolution are two of these patterns. It provides evidence for the theory of evolution by showing how organisms have responded to natural selection. Convergent Evolution A convergence of evolution occurs when different species have evolved similar traits in … Read more

15 Reasons to Attend an Art School

Art School

Art schools have always been popular choices for students who want to pursue a career in the arts. These institutions provide a unique and inspiring environment that encourages students to explore their creativity and develop their artistic skills. In this article, we will discuss 15 reasons why attending an art school can be one of … Read more